Nephrologists Improve Patient Outcomes

A nephrologist is a doctor who focuses on the kidneys. The kidneys are part of the urinary system and are responsible for many critical functions, including regulation of body fluid levels, and removing waste products from the blood to be excreted as urine.

What are the common illnesses that nephrologists treats?

Nephrologists are responsible for managing both acute and chronic kidney disorders, as well as other issues that may arise from kidney dysfunction.  Some of the most important and common areas that nephrologists focus on are listed below.

Nurse Charting

Management of Acute kidney Injury

Acute Kidney Injury, or AKI, is a rapid reduction in kidney function that can lead to serious complications such as volume overload and electrolyte imbalance.

Management of Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease, or CKD, is defined as a reduction in kidney function lasting for > 3 months. It commonly results from other conditions, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, and may lead to complications such as cardiovascular disease.

Management of Multiple Electrolyte Disturbances

Because the kidneys are partly responsible for maintaining appropriate electrolyte levels, kidney impairment can result in a dangerous disturbance in these levels.

Volume Management

One of the kidney’s most important functions is to maintain appropriate fluid levels within the body by creating urine to eliminate excess fluid. Impaired kidney function can result in a buildup of fluid and waste products in the body.

Medication management in Patients with Kidney Disease

Many common medications are metabolized and/or excreted by the kidneys, and may therefore require avoidance or dose adjustments in the setting of impaired kidney function.

Dialysis Care

Dialysis may be necessary in extreme cases of kidney dysfunction. Dialysis is a regularly-scheduled process that artificially performs kidney functions by filtering the blood through an external dialysis machine.

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